Temperate forests are located around the mid-latitudes of the northern (United States, Europe, China, Russia) and southern (Argentina, Australia and South Africa) hemispheres. Northern temperate forests have four seasons – winter, spring, summer and fall.
Soundscapes in the temperate forest are highly seasonal, with spring peepers (frogs) early in the year, neotropical migratory birds and breeding birds in the spring, and insects (cicadas, katydids, and crickets) in the late summer to late fall.
How do major land uses/covers (urban, agriculture, forest, wetlands) affect soundscape composition and dynamics?
How does noise affect animal’s use of habitat?
Can trees decrease noise from industrial sites?
Can we develop a soundscape ethic?
decline in water quality
Determine distribution and species richness of crepuscular and nocturnal animals (insects and amphibians). (climate change, land use and pesticides)